This last one was published less than a week after the Nazi seizure of power, with Hitler appointed the Chancellorship by President von Hindenburg. The illustration refers to ‘Hermann’ in the Teutoburg forest, which is a monument to Arminius, a 1st century Germanic chieftan, who helped to win a famous victory over the Romans in 9AD. The monument was made in 1875, and served as a focal point for the Nazi’s. The artist has depicted Hitler in place of Arminius, who is seen to have achieved a greater feat, by winning a hugely symbolic, if not numerically impressive election victory in the area (Lippe Detmold) that the statue is situated. Goebbels wrote in his diary after a visit to the monument on 12th January “Here we will again win a battle and will then proceed to a new offensive and continue to win victory upon victory. We have overcome our stagnation. Final victory lies ahead.” After January 15th 1933, following the election victory, the Nazis were in a greater position to exert pressure on the cabinet and the President to appoint Hitler as Chancellor. Not long after this publication, apparently the offices of Simplicissimus were visited by stormtroopers, and there were no more critical cartoons of Hitler to appear in the magazine.
Alfred Mahlau, Deutsche painter, illustrator etc…
Here is an interesting lecture by Milton Glaser (designer of the “I (heart) NYC” logo) put together by Creative Mornings. Also, above is a rather wonderful record sleeve design by Glaser for Barry Miles‘ record “Barry Miles” (1969)
Here’s some more Nitsche images, this time from classical records (mostly for Decca Records). I can’t really find any of these anywhere, and I can’t remember where I found the images.
I first came across Erik Nitsche when my mum brought me back a book from a 2nd hand shop in Inverness called “A History of Communication” which is part of of “The New Illustrated Library of Science and Invention”. This library was made of 12 titles, including a history of rockets and space, flight, weaponary, astronomy etc. I’ve now managed to get my hands on 4 of the 12. They are beautifully designed and laid out, there is a quiet confidence, a sense of “rightness” about the composition of the books. I started to look into Mr. Nitsche, who designed the series. There isn’t that much out there, a couple of flickr accounts etc, a small essay by Steven Heller. He was born in 1908 in Switzerland and moved to the states when he was 26. He was best known for a massive body of corporate work for General Dynamics. Not much else. But, who cares really, as his work speaks for itself. To start with, here are some book cover images from the “New Illustrated Library” series.